The first descriptions of nose reconstructions date back to the 4th century, BC, in India, where it was common to cut off the noses of robbers and adulterous women as a sign of public humiliation.
According to these descriptions, the procedure consisted of using skin from the forehead and folding it downwards to reconstruct the nose. This technique has been improved over time and is still used today.
Another technique was developed in 16th century Italy and was described in detail by the surgeon Gaspare Tagliacozzi (1543-1599). It consisted of taking skin from the arm and creating a *”lambeau”* to completely recreate a nose. Since then, many similar procedures have been described to improve results, up until the development of the partial face graft by Bernard Devauchelle’s team in 2005.